Cyclic Development of Sedimentary Basins (Developments in Sedimentology)

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The quantity and quality of proxy datasets are rapidly growing, including uplift and exhumation events in the sediment-source from high and low-temperature geochronology and numerical modeling, sediment-transport independent paleoclimate archives such as coral archives, pollen, and biomarkers. Sedimentary deposits proximal to major ice sheets have been shown to be valuable archives of the dynamics of these globally important features Jaeger and Koppes, Other sedimentary archives with that may form more complete of environmental change remain underexploited, such as contourite drifts e.

Improved constraints on the duration, and rates, of sedimentation in all archives necessitates integration with other Earth Science disciplines. A potentially rich area of collaboration is the integration of source-to-sink analysis with astrochronology. Identifying cycles within sedimentary successions, and tuning these to the astronomical target curves, has allowed calibration of most of the Cenozoic time scale Hilgen et al.

Earth's orbital parameters govern climatic patterns through seasonality and solar intensity. The recognition and impact of Milankovitch cycles have been reported in a wide range of environments from loess Maher, , evaporitic Anderson, , shallow lagoonal and reefal carbonates De Vleeschouwer et al. However, advancements still need to be made in order to link with source-to-sink datasets. At shorter timescales, this research area is closely aligned to quantitative geomorphology and landscape-evolution modeling.

Introduction

One focus has been to derive scaling relationships between the onshore catchments and the offshore depositional sink e. Lastly, at the sedimentary basin-scale, sedimentary archives chronicle the erosional history of their sediment sources and mechanisms of basin formation, offering invaluable information about tectonic histories and continent- or orogen-scale sediment dispersal patterns. New areas of research exploring interactions between tectonics and sedimentation and refined analytical methods for linking sources to their sinks will continue to lead advances in basin studies.

This is reflected in the central role of stratigraphers when constraining large-scale and long-term crustal deformation patterns Fosdick et al. These are exciting times for sedimentologists, stratigraphers, and sediment geochemists! There is an unprecedented breadth of techniques and tools available.

Physical Geology: Sedimentary Systems, Basins & Facies

For example, novel age-dating approaches that allow better links between landscape evolution and the stratigraphic record; there is widespread availability of huge topographic, bathymetric, and seismic reflection datasets; new technology permits the monitoring of geophysical flows at high fidelity, which are supported by advances in numerical and analog modeling capabilities. The opportunities to monitor modern systems in detail, and to extract more information from ancient archives, have never been greater, or more pertinent in order to better understand and predict future risks facing society.

SSD research is central to many societally-relevant problems in addition to fundamental questions in the Earth Sciences. We need to communicate the importance of SSD research in the context of all the grand challenges in the Earth Sciences that, in one way or another, use sediments and the stratigraphic record. To lead these advances as an interdisciplinary community, we need to actively engage, or reengage, with engineering, biosciences, climate sciences, environmental economists, and more. An ongoing challenge will be to demonstrate the continued need to invest in SSD research ideas, technology, and training of early career personnel to develop the next generation of SSD-facing geoscientists.

There might be major uncertainties in understanding of particulate transport and deposition, in stratigraphic shapes and patterns, in the exact products of flows of different fluid-sediment mixes in a range of media, but our knowledge will lead to more accurate evaluation of data, of models, of output. SSD is a cornerstone of geochemical, paleontological, and paleoclimatic research, and is central to interpreting the stratigraphic record of past environmental change, and to better forecast how sedimentary systems may respond to our changing climatic conditions and sea-level state.

Research excellence in SSD, in description and interpretation, must be integral to associated disciplines. The SSD section of Frontiers in Earth Science will publish high-quality papers on all aspects of theoretical and applied research that use field, remote sensing, geophysical, and analog and modeling approaches. Our ultimate goal is to accelerate progress in interdisciplinary research where sedimentary, stratigraphic and diagenetic research is a central component. We welcome high quality publications across the breadth of SSD research. This includes data-rich case studies when clearly placed in the context of the wider research landscape.

Our ambition is that this new journal will help to reaffirm the critical need for excellent SSD research to underpin geochemical, paleoclimatic, paleontological, and geoengineering studies, and to lead advances needed for many of the grand challenges facing Earth Science research. MC designed and DH drafted Figure 1.

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Allen, P. Aloisi, G. CH4-consuming microorganisms and the formation of carbonate crusts at cold seeps. Earth Planet. Anderson, R. A long geoclimatic record from the Permian. Armitage, J. Transformation of tectonic and climatic signals from source to sedimentary archive. Temporal buffering of climate-driven sediment flux cycles by transient catchment response. Armitage, P.

Diagenetic and sedimentary controls on porosity in lower carboniferous fine-grained lithologies, krechba field, algeria: a petrological study of a caprock to a carbon capture site. Marine Petroleum Geol. Azpiroz-Zabala, M. Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons. Baas, J. Predicting bedforms and primary current stratification in cohesive mixtures of mud and sand. Bahr, A.

Bhattacharya, J. Estimation of source area, river paleo-discharge, paleoslope, and sediment budgets of linked deep-time depositional systems and implications for hydrocarbon potentia. Earth Sci. Bosence, D. Geological Society , Vol. Bosence, K. Gibbons, D. Le Heron, W. Morgan, T. Pritchard, and B. Vining London:Special Publications , 1— Google Scholar. Braun, J. Erosional response of an actively uplifting mountain belt to cyclic rainfall variations.

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Earth Surf. Buckley, S. Combining aerial photogrammetry and terrestrial lidar for reservoir analog modeling. Remote Sens. Carrapa, B. Resolving tectonic problems by dating detrital minerals. Geology 38, — Carter, L. Insights into submarine geohazards from breaks in subsea telecommunication cables. Oceanography 27, 58— Castelltort, S.

How plausible are high-frequency sediment supply-driven cycles in the stratigraphic record? Cattaneo, A. Transgressive deposits: a review of their variability.


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Chamberlain, E. Anatomy of mississippi delta growth and its implications for coastal restoration. Clift, P. Controls on the erosion of cenozoic Asia and the flux of clastic sediment to the ocean. Cobain, S.

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A new macrofaunal limit in the deep biosphere revealed by extreme burrow depths in ancient sediments. Collins, D. Modeling the effects of vegetation-erosion coupling on landscape evolution. Courtene-Jones, W. Microplastic pollution identified in deep-sea water and ingested by benthic invertebrates in the rockall trough, North Atlantic Ocean. Covault, J. Terrestrial source to deep-sea sink sediment budgets at high and low sea levels: insights from tectonically active Southern California.

Cyclic Development of Sedimentary Basins: Volume 57

Geology 39, — Cummings, J. An agrichnial feeding strategy for deep-marine paleogene ophiomorpha group trace fossils. Palaios 26, — De Vleeschouwer, D. Da Silva, M. Whalen, J. Hladil, L. Chadimova, D.